‘Pancha’ means five and ‘Karma’ means actions or processes. Panchakarma means five types of treatment procedures to detoxify the body to balance the body energies Vata, Pitha and Kapha. This is helpful to cure a disease as well as to maintain health.
Toxicity can accumulate in a body from unhealthy food, our environment, relationships and even from our thought pattern. Over time, possibly many years, unless we consciously work to lessen those experiences there is a buildup of toxicity at all levels. Many illnesses result from the build-up of toxicity. The toxins will prevent the energy flow in the body and will derange the normal body functions such as digestion, circulation, excretion, respiration etc. As a result absorption of nutrient, expulsion of waste materials will also get affected and will end up in some disease. Panchakarma is an effective method of treatments to eliminate this toxins to normalize the energy flow to regain heath.
Panchakarma consists of 3 phase.
Poorva Karma- Preparatory phase, includes both internal and external application of medicated oils and ghee followed with different kinds of massages and fomentations to liquefy the toxins.
Pradhan Karma- Treatment phase. Elimination procedure of toxins
Paschat Karma- Maintenance phase. Balancing the energy with medication, diet and exercise.
Five cleansing therapies:
Vamanam- Emissary therapy, to eliminate the mucus and to normalize the body energy Kapha. This is recommended in repeated attacks of bronchitis, cough, cold, asthma, nausea, skin diseases, diabetes, tonsillitis, edema, sinusitis, epilepsy, etc.
- Virechanam- Purgation, to balance the energy Pitha. This is indicated in acidity, skin diseases, acne, jaundice, ascites, gout, piles etc.
- Vasthi- Medicated enemas to clean and detoxify lower GIT and to balance Vata energy. This is effective in constipation, Low back pain, gout, rheumatism, sciatica, arthritis, nervous disorders, muscular atrophy etc.
- Nasyam- The nasal administration of medication is called Nasyam. To clean and detoxify the body above shoulder level. This is indicated in dryness of nose, sinus congestion, hoarseness, migraine, certain eye and ear problems etc.
- Raktamoksham- To clean and detoxify the blood. Toxins that are absorbed into the blood stream through the gastrointestinal tract circulates throughout the body. They may manifest under the skin or joints to create diseases. In such cases elimination of toxins and purification of blood is necessary. For repeated attacks of skin diseases like urticaria, eczema, acne, rashes, scabies, leucoderma, enlarged liver and spleen, gout etc this is effective. Bloodletting also stimulates antitoxic substances in the blood stream which helps to develop the immune mechanism in the blood system. Thus, the toxins are neutralized enabling radical cures of many blood and bone disorders.